Posts Tagged ‘Paolo Martin’


Pininfarina designed, 1969 Ferrari 512S Berlinetta Speciale. And admirer. (Rainer Schlegelmilch)

‘A rather permissive rear end reveals part of the five speed transmission on the Pininfarina Ferrari 512S. There is the almost customary louvered backward look but its Wellsian. The chassis was a tubular structure with riveted light alloy panels contributing to the rigidity.

The naughty nakedness around the car’s nether regions and the upswept slotted effect adjacent to the rear wheels assists with the expulsion of hot air that can be generated by such a projectile-from brakes, tyres, transmission exhaust system etc. Forward visibility from the two seats was remarkably good-useful with such performance’.

So said Automobile Year 17’s summary of the rear of the Pininfarina designed Ferrari 512S Berlinetta Speciale in 1969. Amazing how appropriate a caption it is for this shot taken 45 years later!


512S Berlinetta Speciale. (Rainer Schlegelmilch)

The original appeal in writing this article was the juxtaposition of  ‘les derrieres incroyables!’ of car and model, but upon closer inspection the fusion of a racer, which had a ‘big hit’ at Monza in 1969 and then contributed its chassis as the basis for Pininfarina’s Ferrari ‘512S’ Speciale show car is an interesting one in itself.

This article is a story about the two Ferrari ‘512S’ based Pininfarina designed Show Cars; the ‘Berlinetta Speciale’ of 1969, actually based on the chassis of a 312P, and ‘Modulo’ of 1970, actually based on a 512S chassis which raced as a 612P. Simple really!

I wrote about the Ferrari 312P a while back, here is the link to that article, i won’t go through the background of these cars again, but its all here;


512S Berlinetta Speciale. (Rainer Schlegelmilch)

Life as 312P ‘0868’ Was Short and Not So Sweet…

The chassis of the ‘512S Speciale’ was the first of the 1969 312P endurance racers completed. It was the car launched to the press at the Hotel Fini, Modena on December 14 1968. In early 1969 it was damaged testing at Vallelunga and therefore didn’t make the season opening championship round at Daytona, but was rebuilt in tine for the Sebring 12 Hour in March.

Chris Amon and Mario Andretti drove the car, the curvaceous 3 litre V12 winning its class and finishing 2nd overall to the venerable 5 litre Ford GT40 of the ‘Jacks’ Ickx and Oliver.

amon sebring

Chris Amon in Ferrari 312P ‘0868’ he shared with Mario Andretti at Sebring in 1970. (Dave Kutz)


pedro brands

Pedro on his way to 4th place in 312P ‘0868’ or ‘0870’…Brands 500 Km 1969. (unattributed)

Amon was paired with Pedro Rodriguez at Brands Hatch, the pair finished 4th in the 500Km race won by Jo Siffert and Brian Redman in a Porsche 908/2. Note that some sources say the Chris/Pedro car was ‘0870’ not ‘0868’ which they say did not arrive. Whatever.

rod rig monza

Rodriguez in 312P ‘0868’ boxing in winner Jo Siffert’s Porsche 908 behind the Hanrioud/Martin Ford GT40.(15th) Monza 1000Km 1969. (unattributed)

A fortnight later, on 25 April the car was entered at Monza for the 1000Km home event, Pedro back behind the wheel this time paired with Peter Schetty, later a successful Ferrari Team Manager.

During the race a left rear Firestone blew, damaging the rear bodywork, Pedro nursed the car back to the pits on lap 66. The crew quickly got him going but had not properly affixed the rear bodywork which blew off the car at high speed causing a huge accident of the type which took Bruce McLaren’s life 12 months later at Goodwood, fortunately without injury to Pedro but comprehensively ‘rooting’ the car.

It was taken back to the factory and put to one side whilst the other two 312P chassis were used for the racing at hand.

pedro monza

Pedro Rodriguez alights the Ferrari 312P ‘0868’ he shared with Peter Schetty at Monza in 1969. This was after the first ‘light hit’ when a tyre blew. When he got back into the car, on its first ‘out lap’ the separation of rear bodywork from the car caused the accident which all but destroyed it, Pedro shaken but ok. (unattributed)

Later in 1969 the chassis and an engine block (as against a complete engine) from 612P CanAm car #0866 was given to Pininfarina as the basis for their ‘Berlinetta Speciale’ styling exercise, the chassis at that point stamped ‘002’ noting the chassis was a 312P not a 512S despite the name…


Chris Amon in Ferrari 512S ‘1012’ shared with Arturo Merzario in the very wet Brands Hatch 1000Km in 1970. They were 5th in the race famously won by Rodriguez’ stunning wet weather drive in a Porsche 917K. (unattributed)

So, why call the Berlinetta Speciale a 512S if  twasn’t?

Whilst Enzo’s coffers were full of Fiat lire given the Italian corporates 1969 Ferrari investment, the Scuderia had the not insignificant problem of flogging the 25 512S’ required to be built for homologation into the FIA’s Group 5 to race in 1970.

And no amount of  Ferrari homologation ‘jiggery-pokery’ with promises of cars to be built would satisfy the CSI given the hoops Porsche had to jump to achieve certification of production numbers of their 4.5 litre 917 ‘Panzer-Wagen’ which created the need for all those 512S to be built in the first place… Given the working capital involved in designing, building and carrying the holding costs of unsold cars on his Balance Sheet be in no doubt about just what a priority Le Mans was to Ferrari for all those years.

He would not readily hand victory to the Germans without a fight. So, i suspect the 512S nomenclature was a marketing exercise to do everything possible to promote the car he needed to sell rather than one he was about to drop as works entry at seasons end. (putting the 312PB of 1971 and beyond to one side, that car is still a regulation change away, in 1969 the main game was 5 litres not 3)


‘In period’ studio shot of the 512S Berlinetta Speciale. (unattributed)

Ferrari’s Design Evolution…

Filippo Sapino longest creative stint was 30 years as design director at Ghia but his most stunning project was the ‘Ferrari 512S Berlinetta Speciale’, completed whilst at Pininfarina for a short while in the late 1960s. Launched at the 1969 Turin Motor Show, the car caused enormous interest as it was the first Ferrari with ‘wedge styling’, a design trend of the late sixties.

Regardless, ‘Sapino had made the most of the floor-hugging physique of the chassis, adding some unorthodox surface treatments to visually transform static into supersonic. Flourishes such as the flip-up canopy completed the Speciale’s theatre’.

Automobile Year 17 said this about the car in its annual review of 1969 ‘Quite the most exciting looking closed car to emanate from the Pininfarina establishment for some time, the Ferrari 512S Berlinetta Speciale pursued the wedge line and with the 5 litre four ohc V12 engine behind the seats it should be one of the worlds fastest cars. The shape was determined after research in collaboration with the Turin Polytechnic, and was the work of 29 year old Filippo Sapino before he left to join the new Ford styling centre in Turin.’

Pininfarina’s Ferrari Modulo, displayed in 1970, based on a 512S chassis was the definitive Ferrari wedge…


The truly stunning Pininfarina Ferrari Modulo. As stunning now as when first launched at Geneva in 1970. This shot was in Automobile Year 18.

Even though the Modulo was originally designed by Paolo Martin in 1968 the Berlinetta Speciale was the first built and therefore could or should be said to be the more influential in showing the path and creating the inspiration for Ferrari angular/wedge road cars such as the 365GTC/4 (also designed by Sapino), 365 Berlinetta Boxer and 308-328 series of Dino’s


Ferrari publicity shot of Niki Lauda and Clay Regazzoni checking out the ‘wedgey’ Pininfarina designed, Dino 308 at Fiorano in 1976. They are during a lull testing the 312T2 F1 car which is clear to see. (unattributed)

In fact the choice of Sapino’s design as Pininfarinas 1969 Show Star rather than Paolo Martin’s is an interesting bit of Pininfarina politics, which worked out rather well for PF, Ferrari and i suspect both designers.

Paolo Martin already had a successful PF Ferrari ‘show car’ under his belt, the Ferrari Dino 206 Competizione which made its show debut at Frankfurt in 1967. I wrote about this influential car a while back.

In 1968 at Pininfarina he was wrestling with the design of a dashboard of the Rolls Royce Camargue when he conceived the design of a car which became known as the Modulo, which he described as ‘The craziest dreamcar in the world, the most unique, violent, inimitable and conceptually different’.

Sketches were drawn, Martin had an ally in PF Director Franco Martinengo but Sergio Farina was not convinced even by Martin’s full scale polystyrene model of the car which he completed by August 1968. ‘Why would you draw a car like this?’ he asked Martin. “Its important that they will speak of it’ he replied. Farina’s rejoinder ‘Yes, but they will speak ill of it’.

And so, as its showcar in 1969 Pininfarina went with Sapino’s more conservative, i hesitate to use the word, the car is stunning but in relative terms the car is conservative beside the Modulo, as was everything else was when the car appeared at Geneva in 1970.

Emboldened by the success of the Berlinetta Speciale in 1969 Pininfarina was ready to endorse Martin’s Modulo which made its show debut in 1970, it truly was and is a remarkable milestone in automotive design, still fascinating audiences when it makes occasional show appearances now.

The Modulo is an interesting story for another time, it was based on a 512S chassis but the account is far from clear. The consensus seems to be that 512S chassis ‘1027’ was built up as Ferrari 612P ‘0864’, the car one of 2 (‘0866’ the other) raced by Chris Amon in the 1969 Can Am series. At the end of the cars unsuccessful campaign, the McLarens M8B Chevs dominant that year, its remains including the original chassis less chassis plate was given to Pininfarina to be used as a base of the Modulo.


Ferrari 612P CanAm car, Ferrari factory shot. The car grew wings and other aero appendages but fundamentally lacked grunt whatever its chassis shortcomings relative to the Mclaren M8B Chevs dominant that year. One 612P was built using 512S chassis ‘1027’, and then at the end of the season the car was dismantled and the chassis used as the basis for the Modulo. (Sefac Ferrari)

The photo shoot atop a mountain top at Como, Italy which inspired this article was shot by noted racing photographer Rainer Schlegelmilch, Who knows what its all about, and who cares…both car and babe shown to great effect!

berlinetta 2


612 engine

512S Speciale engine compartment filled with the 6 litre V12 ex 612P ‘0866’. Its a dummy engine, original block but no internals, the car is not and has never been ‘ a runner’. Looks the goods all the same. (Rainer Schlegelmilch)

berlinetta front

Berlinetta Speciale, great from any angle. (Octane)

Bibliography and Credits…,, Automobile Year 17, Classic Driver

Rainer Schlegelmilch, Octane





Designed by Paolo Martin, Pininfarinas’ Dino 206 Competitzione was one of the more influential designs of the 1960’s…

Based on an unused, unraced Ferrari 206 S chassis, ‘206S-034’, later renumbered  ‘10523’. Pininfarina unveiled ‘The Yellow Dino’ at the 1967 Frankfurt Motor Show, after many years in ‘Farinas’ own collection it is now in private hands in the US.

Martin was 23 when he designed the car, his CV also includes the Ferrari Modulo, and Alfa 33 Roadster concept. He recalls, ‘i used to work on the 1:10 scale model on my house’s small balcony, spreading wood shavings in the underneath courtyard…i was working for Pininfarina secretly for contractual reasons’.


The final shape was created in aluminium, two prominent wings were added late in the project by Pininfarina, Paolo said, ‘they were added only at the last minute, since the management thought the design had to be enriched. I was always against it, anyway this was the final decision’.

Its a pity, the wings are ‘imposed’ on an otherwise fluid combination of compound curves. The car was widely hailed one of the ‘show cars’ of the decade all the same.




Whilst chassis ‘206S-034’ was unraced the car is fitted with an ex-Le Mans 12 valve race engine which still has its ACO affixed scrutineering tags. Circa 218BHP @ 9000 RPM.




Pininfarina Ferrari Dino Competitzione 206S

Pininfarina advertisement in ‘Automobile Year 16’ 1968 year review





Villa D’Este Concourse 2008

Ferrari 206 S…

Ferrari showed its 1966 World Sportscar Championship contenders, the P3 4 litre V12 Prototype, and 206 S, 2 litre V6 Sports Car at the 1965 Paris Auto Show.

To be eligible to race as a Sports Car, Ferrari had to produce a minimum of 50 cars, due to industrial troubles in Italy at the time only 18 were produced, the 206S was therefore forced to compete against much more powerful cars. It still sold well to privateers and was entered on occasion as a ‘Works Car’, the fastest 2 litre car of its day.

It was powered by variants of the Jano designed V6 which won the F1 Drivers Championship for Mike Hawthorn in 1958. Engine capacity was 1987cc, it was fed by Weber carburetors and later Lucas fuel injection. 2, 3 and 4 valve heads were developed, with both single and twin-plugs, the engine produced circa 218BHP @ 9000RPM.

A 5 speed gearbox was utilised, the chassis was Ferraris’ typical space frame of the time with welded on aluminium panels creating a ‘semi-monocoque’ structure. Some exterior pnaels were fibreglass.

Suspension comprised wishbones and coil spring/damper units at the front, and lower inverted wishbone,2 upper links and 1 radius rod, again with coil spring, Koni shocks at both front and rear. Disc brakes were by Girling. 7.5 and 8.5 inch wide (F/Rear) Campagnolo wheels were fitted, the whole lot weighing 654Kg. Very light!

The stunning cars were styled either in-house, or by Piero Drogo, depending on the source document, the bodies built by Piero Drogos ‘Carozzeria Sports Cars’ in Modena.

The shape is ‘mouth-watering’, the production 206/246GT road cars clearly took their styling from these cars.



Nurburgring 1000Km, 1966. Rodriguez/Ginther 206 S (Pinterest)



Targa Florio 1966. Biscaldi Ferrari 206 S (Pinterest)



Ferrari factory shot at Maranello shows the 206 S stunning profile to good effect and just how close the road-going 206/246 GT was to its competition brother (Ferrari SEFAC)


dino 206 prototype

Ferrari Dino 206GT Prototype 1967

More Information on ‘The Yellow Dino’…

Photo Credits…Pinterest unattributed, Paolo Martin sketches, Ferrari SEFAC